Methodological projects

Development and validation of study design search filters

Developing evidence summaries for first aid guidelines is a time-consuming task. When we develop search strategies to find relevant literature, we are aiming for a balance between finding all relevant publications on a topic and avoiding having to screen too many irrelevant publications. Search filters, which are sets of search terms related to a specific characteristic of a publication, e.g. study design, may help in achieving this balance. In 2020, we have validated study design filters for future use in first aid guideline projects. These will help us to be even more efficient when developing and updating first aid-related evidence summaries. A scientific publication on this project is currently in preparation and will be published in 2021.

How to conduct a (systematic review on) cost-effectiveness analysis

The mission of CEBaP is to scientifically underpin the activities of the Belgian Red Cross. By doing so, we aim for the Belgian Red Cross to invest its resources in the most effective activities. But cost-effectiveness is also important. Which activities provide most value for money? Cost-effectiveness analyses try to answer this kind of question. In 2020, CEBaP developed a methodological guidance document for conducting a proper cost-effectiveness analysis, detailing how to define a research question, what data to collect, how to perform a data-analysis and how to interpret the results. In addition we have also developed a guidance document to describe best practices for conducting a systematic review on cost-effectiveness analyses.

Conflict of interest procedure 

One of the three pillars of Evidence-Based Practice is to include practical/medical experience from experts in the field. Therefore, CEBaP includes subject matter experts when conducting a systematic review or an evidence-based guideline. A key element of protecting CEBaP’s integrity and reputation is ensuring that its decision-making processes are not affected by conflicts of interest (COI). Conflicts are situations in which experts could be influenced to make decisions for improper reasons, specifically for reasons that relate to their own financial interests. In 2020, CEBaP developed its own COI form, that needs to be filled in beforehand by experts involved in CEBaP research projects. The purpose of this form and policy is to provide guidance in identifying and handling potential and actual (non-)financial COI.